Photo: Outdooractive Editors
Until the middle of the 19th century, the Allgaeu was a very poor region. Farmers made their living with agriculture and cultivating flax. Turning flax into linen is laborious handcraft. However, the steep and low in nutrients alpine meadows were not very suitable for this and rising of the American cotton trade plunged the region into a serious crisis.
One man was aware of this problem and made a bold decision: to turn the Allgaeu into a dairy and cheese region. The farmer’s son Carl Hirnbein (*1807) grew up around cattle at his parents dairy farm in Wilhams. He looked after and milked cows and even guided cattle across the Alps to Italy.